Monday, December 1, 2014
Mexican President outlines Steps to Enhance the Rule of Law
Presidency of the Republic Staff
On November 28, President Enrique Peña Nieto presented ten measures to enhance
security, justice and the rule of law in Mexico:
● FIRST. He will submit a constitutional reform initiative
that will empower Congress to issue the Law against the Infiltration of Organized Crime among Municipal Authorities.
He will submit another initiative that will completely redefine, and provide clarity, for the system of powers in criminal
matters so that the different entities of government will assume responsibility in this area.
He will also submit a proposed constitutional amendment to establish Single State Police Forces. This change in police model
will make it possible to shift from 1,800 weak municipal police forces to 32 solid state security corporations, which will
be reliable, professional and effective.
● FOURTH. A single nationwide emergency telephone number will soon
be established, allowing Mexicans to have an effective means of calling for assistance in the event of emergencies. The aim
is for this number to be 911 since it is the most widely recognized worldwide.
● FIFTH. The establishment of the
Single Identity Code will be promoted.
● SIXTH. The president ordered a Special Operation in the region
known as Tierra Caliente, involving the deployment of Federal Forces in municipalities in Guerrero and Michoacán. The
president also announced greater support for federal forces in the municipalities that so require in the states of Jalisco
● SEVENTH. In the next Ordinary Period of Sessions of Congress, the president will submit
a broad agenda of reforms to improve everyday justice.
● EIGHTH. In the field of Human Rights, he announced a set
of actions which include the following:
▪ A reform bill empowering Congress to
issue General Laws on Torture and Forced Disappearances.
▪ Protocols and procedures will
be strengthened, so that in the event of torture, forced disappearances and extrajudicial executions, investigations will
be timely, thorough and impartial.
▪ Additional Human Rights indicators will be established
in coordination with the CNDH and Civil Society Organizations.
▪ A National System for Locating
Missing Persons will be created, as well as a National Genetic Information System.
General Law of Victims will be published and the Relief, Assistance and Integral Reparation Fund and the National Victims’
Register will be launched.
● NINTH. The sphere of fighting corruption involves the president’s support
of the National Anti-Corruption and Regulatory Law of the Constitutional Reform of Transparency, currently under discussion
● TENTH. The principles of Open Government will be strengthened in the Federal Public Administration.
In this context, the president instructed the Secretariat of Public Service to set up an information portal on suppliers and
contractors throughout the Federal Public Administration.
of the Republic, Mexico, DF, Nov. 28, 2014; translation by Presidency
of the Republic (edited)