Monday, September 29, 2014
For Mexico, Addressing Climate Change is a State Commitment
Presidency of the Republic
Climate change is a state
commitment for Mexico, declared President Enrique Peña Nieto during his participation in the Plenary Session of Heads
of State and Government of the Climate Summit 2014, in the framework of the 69th United Nations General Assembly.
The President emphasized that addressing climate change requires the commitment and combined
efforts of all nations and all stakeholders, "We must speed up efforts to advance the care and protection of our common
home, our only home, which is planet Earth."
He stressed that Mexico
has given this phenomenon an important place in structural reforms, especially in energy reform, which incorporates sustainability
criteria into the Constitution.
It will also increase the production of
natural gas and imports, accelerating the replacement of fuel oil and diesel in various industrial processes, including power
generation and transportation.
He explained that, "In Tax Reform,
and based on our global commitment, Mexico's Congress approved the establishment of a carbon tax on fossil fuels, which,
together with the National Emissions Registry, allows us to implement a greenhouse gas emission trading scheme."
He also said that this reform encourages the generation of electricity from cleaner sources
of energy, by establishing the immediate deductibility of investments in this industry. He said that, "In electricity,
we will promote smart transmission grids by facilitating interconnection for clean energy producers in areas with greater
geothermal, wind or solar potential."
He said that with 1.4 percent
of global emissions of greenhouse gases, Mexico is a moderate emitter. However, it is strengthening its measures to respond
to climate change. The president explained that in 2012, the General Law on Climate Change went into effect. One of its main
objectives is to reduce baseline emissions by 30% by 2030 and by 50% in 2050, in comparison with emissions in 2000.
In 2013, he added, a further step was taken by implementing the National Climate Change Strategy,
which will be responsible for coordinating mitigation and adaptation strategies for the next 40 years. This year, the Special
Climate Change Program was launched with specific measures to be developed during this administration to control greenhouse
gases and short-lived climate pollutants.
The Special Program for the
Development of Renewable Energy was also established this year. "We will thereby be able to go beyond the provisions
of the respective law by setting an even more audacious goal: in 2018, 34.6 per cent of electricity generation capacity will
be based on renewable energies and clean technologies, thereby ensuring that over a quarter of all the country's electricity
will come from low carbon sources.
Thus, exico assumes its global responsibility
with a solid commitment to reducing greenhouse gases, to foster the new agreement under the climate change convention to be
adopted at the Paris Conference 2015," he said.
At the plenary session,
the president proposed to the General Assembly the creation of an Intergovernmental Panel on Water as a space for developing
new adaptation works, which will enable countries to be better prepared for the impact of increasingly severe weather events.
"It is important for all the nations in the world together to reach an effective and
efficient agreement that incorporates robust financial mechanisms to support national strategies for developing countries
in 2015," he said.
He concluded by saying, "Humans are the cause
of climate change, but, I am sure, we can also be the solution."
Press release, Sep. 24, 2014, Presidency of the Republic, Mexico, DF; Presidency of the Republic