July 28, 2014
Mexican Oppositionists and the Quest for Government Funding
By Luis Pazos
The PRI (Institutional
Revolutionary Party) has always spoken and acted like a party of the left, with radical and moderate cycles. In the 1980s
there was the populist statism crisis, and Salinas had no other choice than to denationalize and deregulate. One faction of
the PRI, the farthest to the left, accused him of betraying the "revolution" and they abandoned the PRI and formed
the PRD (Party of the Democratic Revolution).
Regarding the recent reforms, the PRD made its position of preserving the old structures
of the PRI clear, and it opposes everything that smells of privatization and abandonment of State monopolies. All that the
PRD supported, together with the PRI, was the increase in taxes, this according to them in order to take from the rich and
give to the poor. But, in reality this has been so that the federal government (will) spend more, and transfer more resources
to PRI and PRD state governments.
They mediatized the labor reform and voted against it, because according to them it was harmful to
workers; however it was because they felt comfortable with the old PRI corporatism, which weakened the labor reform as well
as the education reform.
In the telecommunications reform, they incorporated several complicating changes and cost increases for companies
to comply with the law. When it came to approving it, in the style of the PRI of the last century, (members of Congress) were
ordered by the head of their party to vote against it, breaching agreements of their legislators.
(The PRD is) opposed to the constitutional
changes for energy reform that open the sector to competition, and (its members) have defended the state monopoly tooth and
nail. It seems that they are representatives of the Petroleum Workers' Union, and the contractors and corrupt politicians,
the only beneficiaries that the oil sector is not opening to competition.
The role of "conservatives" against the energy
reform, who are said to be representatives of the left in Mexico, is clear. What is not clear is whether they do it for ideological
reasons, or through surreptitious agreement with those who have plundered Pemex for decades in order to give them money in
elections like to the PRI in the last century (Pemexgate).
Luis Pazos (e-mail:
firstname.lastname@example.org), who heads the Free Enterprise Research Center (CISLE) in Mexico City, holds a master's degree in Public Finance and a doctorate in Law from
the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). A prolific writer and forethoughtful analyst, Dr.
Pazos' commentaries on Mexican economics, finance and politics have appeared in newspapers and magazines throughout the
Americas. As well, he is the author of 39 books. Edited translation by MexiData.info.