Monday, February 3, 2014
Mexico Validates Political, Electoral and Related Reforms
Peña Nieto, President of Mexico
the powers vested in me by the Mexican Constitution, I signed the financial reform passed by Congress today (January 31).
to the Pact for Mexico and the political maturity of the legislators, 2013 was the Year of Reforms. Together, we laid the foundations for transforming Mexico, although
there was obviously a need to institutionalize the conditions that make agreements possible.
So, as a result
of the Political Electoral Reform, Mexico will
have new institutional instruments to facilitate the fundamental changes required by the country in the coming
years. Furthermore, certainty in elections will operate at all levels of government, ensure greater accountability, and improve
the balance of powers.
As president, I welcome the Political Electoral Reform since it will benefit citizens
and because there will be more governments with constitutional instruments to facilitate dialogue and agreements. The Political Electoral Reform is an important step towards
the consolidation of democracy in Mexico.
• • •
Presidency of the Republic Staff
The Political Electoral Reform comprises 56 initiatives submitted by various senators from all parliamentary groups proposing amendments and
additions to the Mexican Constitution regarding
political and electoral issues.
This initiative was approved on December 13, 2013, as a result of which the Reform was
ratified by a vote of 18 state legislatures on January 22.
As a result of other initiatives and additions to Constitutional Reform regarding political and electoral issues:
• Constitutional autonomy is granted to the National
Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL).
• The Federal Electoral Institute (IFE)
becomes the National Electoral Institute (INE).
• Local public electoral bodies will have a governing
body comprised of a president and six electoral advisors.
• Senators will be able to be elected for up to two consecutive terms; and congressional
Deputies (Representatives) for up to four consecutive terms, in other words for a maximum of 12 years in both cases consecutively.
Regarding a Coalition Government, the president is authorized, at any time, to opt for a coalition government with one or
more of the political parties represented in Congress.
• A Prosecutor General’s Office is created (replacing
the Attorney General’s Office) as an autonomous public body with a legal personality and its own assets.
Regarding the threshold for political parties, the minimum percentage required to maintain registration as a national political
party will be raised from 2% to 3%. Moreover,
any political party that achieves at least 3% of the total valid votes cast shall be entitled to multimember deputies. Political
parties should ensure gender parity in candidacies for federal and local legislators.
• The starting date
of the first regular session when the president takes office will be moved forward from September 1 to August 1.
The president’s inauguration will be moved forward from December 1 to October 1.
Other topics addressed include: the suspension of guarantees, the system
of annulments, the powers of Congress, and the creation of special prosecutors for the Attorney General’s Office (PGR).
of the Republic, Mexico, DF, Jan. 31, 2014; translations (2) by
Presidency of the Republic