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Column 032414 Wall

Monday, March 24, 2014

Nine Mexican Cities Listed among the World's Most Violent

By Allan Wall

The Mexican NGO called the Consejo Ciudadano para la Seguridad Pública y Justicia Penal A.C. (Citizen Council for Public Security and Penal Justice), whose president is Jose Antonio Ortega Sanchez, released a list of the world’s 50 most violent cities in 2013.  Mexico had nine cities on the list, and the United States had four.

 

The country with the most cities on the list was Brazil, with 16.  Mexico was in second place with nine, followed by Colombia with six and Venezuela with five cities.

 

The United States had four cities on the list, followed by South Africa with three cities and Honduras with two.  Guatemala, El Salvador, Jamaica, Haiti and Puerto Rico had one city apiece on the list (Puerto Rico is an autonomous territory of the United States).

 

Note that, of the 50 cities, an overwhelming 47 were in the Western Hemisphere!

 

Honduras, though it had only two cities in the Top Fifty, had the world’s most violent city.  That city was San Pedro Sula, with a homicide rate of 187.14 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.  This was the third consecutive year that San Pedro de Sula was the most violent city on the list.

 

The second-most dangerous city was Caracas, Venezuela, with a homicide rate of 134.36 per 100,000.

 

The third-most dangerous city, and Mexico’s highest score, was Acapulco, on the Pacific Coast, with 112.80 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

At #4, Cali, Colombia was that country’s most-violent city, with 83.20 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

At #5, Macelo, Brazil, was that country’s most violent-city with 79.76 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

Noting that 47 of the 50 most violent cities were in the Western Hemisphere, the three exceptions (Cape Town, Nelson Mandela Bay, and Durban) are in the Republic of South Africa.   Cape Town was #20 on the list, with 50.94 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

Again, Mexico had nine cities on the list.

 

The most violent city in Mexico in 2013 was Acapulco, (on the Pacific Coast), with 112.80 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

The second-most dangerous city in Mexico was Culiacan, capital of the western state of Sinaloa.  Culiacan was #16 on the world list, with 54.57 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

The third-most dangerous city was the northern city of Torreon, which was #18 on the world list.  Torreon had 54.24 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

In 21st place on the world list, and #4 in Mexico, was Chihuahua City, capital of the northern state of Chihuahua.  This city had 50.12 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

In 22nd place on the world list, and #5 in Mexico, was Ciudad Victoria, capital of the northeastern state of Tamaulipas.  This city’s homicide rate was 49.22 out of 100,000 inhabitants.

 

In 30th place on the world list, and #6 in Mexico, was the northern border city of Nuevo Laredo, with 42.90 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas, was the world’s 37th most dangerous city and #7 in Mexico, with 37.59 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

Cuernavaca, capital of the state of Morelos in central Mexico, was #43 on the world list and #8 in Mexico.  Cuernavaca, called the “City of Eternal Spring” by Alexander von Humboldt in the 1800s, had a homicide rate of 34.91 per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

Tijuana, across the border from San Diego, California, was #47 on the world list and #9 in Mexico in 2013.  Tijuana had a homicide rate of 32.50 out of 100,000 inhabitants.

 

As for the United States of America, it had four cities on the 50 Most Violent Cities List and five cities if you count Puerto Rico, which is an autonomous U.S. territory but not a state.

 

The most dangerous city in the United States in 2013 was Detroit, at #24 on the list.  That city had 46.99 homicides out of 100,000 inhabitants.  That means that Detroit was more dangerous than all but five cities in Mexico.

 

The second-most violent U.S. city was New Orleans at #26.  New Orleans had 45.08 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

Third in the U.S. was Baltimore, at #36.  Baltimore had 37.77 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

San Juan, Puerto Rico, was #38 on the world list, with 37.40 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

St. Louis was #45 on the world list, with 34.14 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

To view the entire list of the world’s 50 most violent cities, click here and scroll down.

 

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Allan Wall, an educator, resided in Mexico for many years.  His website is located at http://www.allanwall.info.

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