Monday, June 4, 2012
Wishy-washy U.S. Practices Take a Toll in Central
By Jerry Brewer
Central America's history has shown an all too frequent unstable position of democratic
government, and most of the region's nations have demonstrated even weaker enforcement of law and order. Furthermore,
many of those nations that have been making progress in terms of democratization are again experiencing destabilizing and
counter democratization trends.
Although there are varying levels of democracy
-- and those that are purely façade, democracy will continue to serve as an important legitimizing force of government.
A free press, respect for human rights, free and competitive elections, among other things, serve as checks and balances on
potential abuses of power and give real meaning to the concept of self-government and sovereignty.
Central America has been a frequent intelligence tasking mandate by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency through
the years, and specifically during the Cold War.
In Nicaragua, the Sandinistas
gained power in the summer of 1979, political heirs of a legendary peasant guerrilla named Augusto Sandino who fought the
ruling Somoza family and the U.S. Marines until he was killed in 1934.
Sandinistas, once in power and through Daniel Ortega's brother Humberto, openly stated that "Marxist-Leninism is
the scientific doctrine that guides our revolution." This while the CIA reported Nicaragua's Sandinista regime
funneling arms from Cuba, the Soviet Union and the rest of the communist bloc, even North Vietnam, to the Farabundo Marti
When former Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua
resurfaced as President in 2007, after being voted from power some 20 years before, he began his campaign by speaking of the
"evils of capitalism and the U.S." He also emphasized, "The U.S. no longer rules Latin America. The Yankees
no longer rule Nicaragua."
And today, solidarity for humanity throughout
the Americas may indeed be an immaculate perception. Elections all over Latin America have demonstrated a myriad of diverse
beliefs and opinions on who can be the most effective leaders.
history is full of episodes of state terrorism. State terrorism is a major contributor to the rise of guerrilla movements,
as evidenced in the Central American wars of the 1970s and 1980s.
World War II a number of Latin American nations went from non-democratic to democratic systems of government, and less stable
populist systems of government became bureaucratic authoritarian states with sustained rule under military regimes. Others
oscillated back and forth, between democratic and non-democratic systems. And over the past two decades Latin American
countries have, for the most part, adhered to the cyclical patterns of alternating between varying forms of democratic and
The current state of political affairs throughout Latin
America is one clouded by trepidation and uncertainty. A hesitation that probably seeks to comprehend current U.S. internal
democratic yet disparate strife and unity over partisan world and wartime agendas.
As U.S. attention has been mostly diverted to other world threats, Latin America has continued to sort and evaluate
true U.S. intentions and loyalties to this Hemisphere. With leftist external influences on their doorsteps, they have struggled
with perceptions and many have failed to define their true national and world identities.
Venezuela President Hugo Chavez's consistent bellicose demeanor towards the United States, and arms buildup throughout
South America, lent obvious credence to this perception, along with his left-leaning agenda and other dubious activities.
Norberto Ceresole, the late sociologist and global political strategist from Argentina, was an early advisor to Chavez. Ceresole
believed that Latin America "must forge alliances with Arab nations to fight against the U.S." and what he called
"the Jewish financial mafia." Chavez subsequently played a major role at the first South American-Arab Summit in
Brazil, attacking the U.S. and Israel as the chief enemies of Latin America.
America witnessed one of the largest guerrilla insurgencies in Latin America during the decade of the 1970s. Cuban and Soviet
Union financed troops and supply lines throughout Nicaragua and El Salvador were attempting to overthrow governments via their
revolutions. Yet they were not successful as a people united rejected an enemy and an ideology.
Now, growing instability in certain Latin American states is obviously of concern to the U.S. This while the
U.S. is showing progress as it presses governments in Central America to work together in the sharing of intelligence; and
to even allow security forces from one nation to operate on the sovereign soil of another, Honduras for example.
This unified effort supersedes previous years, as hundreds of aircraft flew contraband unimpeded
from South America to isolated landing strips in Honduras alone.
as the violence and death tolls continue to mount in Mexico and Central America due to intercontinental organized criminal
insurgencies -- coupled with transnational and local gangs, many citizens are asking for aggressive enforcement efforts to
end. El Salvador has sought gang truces, whereas the forthcoming Mexican presidential election holds an unknown certainty
for continued interdiction efforts.
Jerry Brewer is C.E.O. of Criminal Justice International Associates, a global threat mitigation
firm headquartered in northern Virginia. His website is located at http://www.cjiausa.org/.